Completed Research on the CCRC
This section lists, and where possible provides links to, completed research projects that have involved access to CCRC casework files and/or data. When publication is pending, an abstract or summary will be supplied where possible.
A Plea of Convenience: An examination of the guilty plea in England and Wales by Dr Juliet Horn, 2017, University of Warwick. Examines the extent to which the criminal justice system creates a significant risk that innocent defendants will plead guilty and then fails to offer an adequate remedy.
Last Resorts for Wrongful Convictions: Decision-Making at the Criminal Cases Review Commission.Professor Carolyn Hoyle and Dr Mai Sato of the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford had access to CCRC data during their four-year study of decision-making at the Commission. The project aimed to identify variables correlated with the decision to subject an application to full review, and those factors that lead the Commission to refer a case. The result of their study will form the basis for a book, working title: Last Resorts for Wrongful Convictions: Decision-Making at the Criminal Cases Review Commission, which is expected to be published by Oxford University Press in 2018.
Professor Hoyle also relied in part on her research at the CCRC for her chapter Compensating Injustice: The Perils of the Innocence Discourse in Young, S.M., Hunter, J., Roberts, P., and Dixon, D (eds), The Integrity of Criminal Process: From Theory into Practice, (Hart 2016). Professor Hoyle’s chapter is reproduced here by kind permission of Hart Publishing. Details of The Integrity of Criminal Process: From Theory into Practice, can be seen here.
Wrongful Convictions of Refugee and Asylum Seekers: Responses by the Criminal Cases Review Commission, 2017, by Dr Mai Sato, Professor Carolyn Hoyle and Naomi-Ellen Speechley. This article was published in  Criminal Law Review 106. A summary can be seen here.
Article 31(1) of the Refugee Convention and the Criminalisation of Refugees in England and Wales by Dr Yewa Holiday. Dr Holiday has written a book based on her Doctoral thesis. That book, called The Criminalisation of Refugees in England and Wales in the context of Article 31(1) of the 1951 Refugee Convention, is due for publication in 2018. Dr Holiday has provided this summary.
Wrongful Convictions – Dr William Murray Schmidt. Deposited in the University of Cambridge Library in 2015. This research explores, through the analysis of CCRC casework, the causes of wrongful convictions and looks at what factors statistically predict the Commission’s referral of a conviction for appeal and at what factors predict an appellate court quashing a conviction following Commission referral. Dr Schmidt aims to have published in 2017/18 an academic article based on his CCRC research. In the meantime, a summary of Dr Schmidt’s research can be seen here.
A critical evaluation of the utility of using innocence as a criterion in the post conviction process – by Dr Stephen Heaton of University of East Anglia published 2014/15. An extensive study exploring the basis of the Commission’s decisions to refer conviction cases and the Court of Appeal’s subsequent appeal decisions.
Correction of Miscarriages of Justice in New Zealand and England – Dr Malcolm Birdling, published 2012. A comparative study of hte mechanisms for correcting miscarriages in new Zealand and England after initial appeal rights are exhausted.
Fresh Expert Evidence in CCRC Cases by William E O’Brian Jr. Published 2011. Discusses the possibility of a further role for the Commission in cases involving expert evidence.
The extent and impact of legal representation on applications to the CCRC by Professor Jaqueline Hodgson and Juliet Horne, Published 2009. Examines the extent to which applicants to the CCRC are legally represented and the impact this representation has on the outcome of the case. Updated?